2. 1908 Messina tsunami
Image source: spoki.lv
This was the second largest and one of the most deadly tsunamis in history. It killed over 123,000 people. On December 28, 1908, an earthquake of magnitude 7.1 hit Messina, a city in Sicily, Italy and caused a tsunami. Over 90% of Messina was destroyed by the tsunami that followed the earthquake.